Leather is such fascinating material. Since the dawn of time, mankind has been using leather for a variety of applications. In this article, you will find more about its production process, the different leather grades, and how the process of sourcing works. (Estimated reading time: 3 minutes)
Leather Grades Explained
Apart from the construction of a shoe, the other most important aspect is the choice and quality of leather. As with most things in life leather has variations, or “grades”. Here is a quick overview of the most common grades of leather.
Full Grain Leather is the best quality leather sitting at the top of the chain. The majority of our smooth leathers can be categorized as high-grade full-grain leathers. It refers to the outside part of the animal’s hide just below the hair. The term “Full” means that it has not been buffed or sanded, which is a process that is used to remove imperfections or marks. The tight porous nature of the leather prevents moisture retention but it also means that it is thicker.
Essentially, Top Grain Leather is like full-grain but with a twist. It undergoes light sanding to shave off a few millimetres from the top, removing any imperfections. One of the most prominent kinds of top-grain leathers is Nubuck.
Lastly, the most common type of leather comes in many forms and has many names but is best known as Split Leather. It is created from the Corium part of the hide after it is split off the grain layer, hence its name. A prominent kind of split leather is Suede.
Our Production Supply Chain
Buying leather may sound easy. Pick up the phone. Place an order. Leather arrives… well, not here.
If we send leather into the factory that is not up to Walcott's Footwear standards, the finished product suffers, and we cannot meet our customer’s expectations. Leather buying (and Clicking) is link number one of the supply chain (in production), and if we allow cut leather sections go that are the wrong colour, wrong substance or are sub-par, it will cost further down the line.
If leather issues are not flagged up by our Clickers it has a knock-on effect throughout the next stages of production – closing, lasting, finishing- the shoes will not stand up to our Quality Control exacting standards.
This is why great importance is placed on searching and buying the most expensive element to our high-quality footwear.
The Break of the Leather
When sourcing the higher grade full grain box calf from the best European tanneries, we are always looking for a material that has a ‘fine break’.
There is a saying in the industry –‘the break of the leather’– which refers to creases made as the leather naturally flexes time and time again as it is worn. Of course, all shoes take a huge amount of punishment as they are worn day-to-day, open to the elements.
Only the finest full-grain leather, if cared for well, will continue to spring back and hold its shape over time, so we always look for ‘a good clean break’ in our leathers.